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Moldova & Jews

The Jewish history of Moldova



1 - 5 centuries - Jewish settlements appear in the Roman province of Dacia, of which the territory of modern Moldova was a part

5 - 10 centuries - The territory of modern Moldovapartly belongs to Hazar Kaganat professing Judaism

10 - 13 centuries - Boundary territories of modern Moldova are included in the Kiev Rus and the Polish-Lithuanian Empire where Jews have lived since the 10th century CE

14 century - The name of Moldova appears; the first official mention of the Jewish community of Moldova is made.

18 century - On the left bank of the Dniester river there are Russian military stations/fortresses - Dubossary, Rybnitsa, Tiraspol, etc. where there are Jewish communities

•1812 - Bessarabiajoins the Russian Empire; 5,000 Jewish families live on its territory
the end of 19th century - 300 thousand Jews live in Bessarabia, 12% of the total population of province

•1903 - A bloody Jewish Pogrom takes place in Kishinev, which alarms and agitates the public of Russia, Europe and America

•1905 - Jewish pogroms on the territory of the province; mass emigration of Bessarabian Jews to America.

•1940 - 400 thousand Jews live in Moldova

•1940 - 1944 - About 300 thousand Jews become victims of the Holocaust on the territory of Moldova

•1944 - 1989 - Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic is a part of the USSR. The processes of assimilation of Jews, anti-Zionist and anti-Israeli propaganda takes place. The first streams of emigration to Israel

•1989 - 1991 - Revival of the Jewish life, appearance of the first official local Jewish organizations, mass repatriation of Jews to Israel and emigration to America

•1991 - 1999 - Collapse of the USSR and formation of an independent Republic of Moldova. Opening of foreign Jewish organizations and representations, establishment and development of local Jewish structures.

•2000-2005 - Revival of the Jewish life in Moldova. Reducted emigration of the Jewish population. 23,000 Jews live in Moldova

2005– Opening of Kishinev Jacobs Jewish Campus

2005-present time – Development of Jewish Campuses as centers of the community life in the towns. Start of fee-for service programs for the local economic independence. 17,000 Jews live in Moldova